Geologic Time Scale: Carboniferous Period

(358.9 to 289.9 million years ago)

The Carboniferous Period (Age of Amphibians) name means “coal” and “bearer,carrier”, refers to the many coal beds formed globally during that time. The first modern ‘system’ names, it was coined by geologists William Conybeare (English geologist, paleontologist, and clergyman-best known for his ground breaking work on fossil excavation in the 1820s and papers for the Geological Society of London on ichthyosaur anatomy and the first published scientific description of a plesiosaur) and William Phillips (English mineralogist and geologist) in 1822, based on a study of the British rock succession. The Carboniferous is often treated in North America as two geological periods, the earlier Mississippian and the later Pennsylvanian.

Gzhelian Age/Stage

(Late Pennsylvanian ): 303.70 to 298.90 million years ago

The Gzhelian Stage was named in 1890 by Sergei Niktin after Russian village of Gzhel.

North America Gzhelian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 303.70 to 298.90 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Edestus.
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Edestidae.
Locations: England, Russia and the USA.
Time period: Carboniferous (Kasimovian to Gzhelian).
Size: Estimated at up to 6 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: OrthacanthusVertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Diplocaulus‭ ‭”‬Double stalk‭‭”
Classification: Class: ‬Amphibia – ‬Subclass: Lepospondyli – Order: Nectridea – ‬Family: Diplocaulidae
Time period: Pennsylvanian (Kasimovian) to Permian (Wuchiapingian)
Known locations: USA, Texas
Size: 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore/Piscivore
Genus: Eryops‭ ‭”‬Drawn out face‭‭”
Classification: Class: ‬Amphibia – ‬Order: Temnospondyli – Family: Eryopidae
Time period: Pennsylvanian (Gzhelian) to Lower Permian (Kungurian)
Known locations: USA
Size: 1.5 to 2‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore/Piscivore
Genus: Sphenacodon “Wedge tooth”.
Genus pronounced: Sfee-nack-oh-don.
Named By: Othniel Charles Marsh – 1878.
Species: S. ferox (type), S. britannicus, S. ferocior.
Classification: Clade: Synapsida, Family: Sphenacodontidae, Subfamily: Sphenacodontinae.
Known locations: USA, Texas and New Mexico.
Time period: Pennsylvanian (Gzhelian) to Permian (Kungurian).
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: About 2.5 meters long.
Genus: Edaphosaurus‭ “Ground lizard‭”‬.‭
Classification: Clade: Synapsida, Clade: Sphenacomorpha, Family: Edaphosauridae.
Known locations: Germany.‭ ‬Czech Republic. Slovakia. USA – New Mexico – Oklahoma – Texas – West Virginia.
Time period: Carboniferous (Gzhelian) to the Permian (Wordian).
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: 1‭ ‬to‭ ‬3.5‭ ‬meters depending upon the species.

European Gzhelian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 303.70 to 298.90 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Edestus.
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Edestidae.
Locations: England, Russia and the USA.
Time period: Carboniferous (Kasimovian to Gzhelian).
Size: Estimated at up to 6 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Edaphosaurus‭ “Ground lizard‭”‬.‭
Classification: Clade: Synapsida, Clade: Sphenacomorpha, Family: Edaphosauridae.
Known locations: Germany.‭ ‬Czech Republic. Slovakia. USA – New Mexico – Oklahoma – Texas – West Virginia.
Time period: Carboniferous (Gzhelian) to the Permian (Wordian).
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: 1‭ ‬to‭ ‬3.5‭ ‬meters depending upon the species.

Asian Gzhelian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 303.70 to 298.90 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Edestus.
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Edestidae.
Locations: England, Russia and the USA.
Time period: Carboniferous (Kasimovian to Gzhelian).
Size: Estimated at up to 6 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

Australia Gzhelian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 303.70 to 298.90 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Kasimovian Age/Stage

(Late Pennsylvanian): 307.00 to 303.70 million years ago

The Kasimovian Stage was named in 1949  by Georgy Teodorovih after the Russian city of Kasimov.

North America Kasimovian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 307.00 to 303.70 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Edestus.
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Edestidae.
Locations: England, Russia and the USA.
Time period: Carboniferous (Kasimovian to Gzhelian).
Size: Estimated at up to 6 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: OrthacanthusVertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Diplocaulus‭ ‭”‬Double stalk‭‭”
Classification: Class: ‬Amphibia – ‬Subclass: Lepospondyli – Order: Nectridea – ‬Family: Diplocaulidae
Time period: Pennsylvanian (Kasimovian) to Permian (Wuchiapingian)
Known locations: USA, Texas
Size: 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore/Piscivore

Asia Kasimovian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 307.00 to 303.70 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Edestus.
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Edestidae.
Locations: England, Russia and the USA.
Time period: Carboniferous (Kasimovian to Gzhelian).
Size: Estimated at up to 6 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

European Kasimovian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 307.00 to 303.70 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Edestus.
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Edestidae.
Locations: England, Russia and the USA.
Time period: Carboniferous (Kasimovian to Gzhelian).
Size: Estimated at up to 6 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

Australia Kasimovian Stage (Late Pennsylvanian): 307.00 to 303.70 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Moscovian Age/Stage

(Middle Pennsylvanian ): 315.20 to 307.00 million years ago

The Moscovian Stage was named in 1890 by Sergei Nikltin after the Russian capital city of Moscow.

North American Moscovian Stage (Middle Pennsylvanian ): 315.20 to 307.00 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: OrthacanthusVertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

European Moscovian Stage (Middle Pennsylvanian ): 315.20 to 307.00 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Asia Moscovian Stage (Middle Pennsylvanian ): 315.20 to 307.00 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

Australian Moscovian Stage (Middle Pennsylvanian ): 315.20 to 307.00 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Bashkirian Age/Stage

(Early Pennsylvanian ): 232.20 to 315.20 million years ago

The Bashkirian Stage was named in 1934 by Russian stratigrapher Sofia Semikhatova after Bashkirian, the then Russian name of the republic of Bashkortostan in the southern Ural Mountains of Russia – home of the Bashkir people.

North America Bashkirian Stage (Early Pennsylvanian ): 232.20 to 315.20 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: OrthacanthusVertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

European Bashkirian Stage (Early Pennsylvanian ): 232.20 to 315.20 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Asian Bashkirian Stage (Early Pennsylvanian ): 232.20 to 315.20 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

Australian Bashkirian Stage (Early Pennsylvanian ): 232.20 to 315.20 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Serpukhovian Age/Stage

(Late Mississippian ): 330.90 to 232.20 million years ago

The Serpukhovian Stage was named in 1890 by Russian stratigrapher Sergei Nikltin after the the city of Serpukhov, near Moscow.

North American Serpukhovian Stage (Late Mississippian ): 330.90 to 232.20 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

European Serpukhovian Stage (Late Mississippian ): 330.90 to 232.20 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Asian Serpukhovian Stage (Late Mississippian ): 330.90 to 232.20 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

Australian Serpukhovian Stage (Late Mississippian ): 330.90 to 232.20 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Visean Age/Stage

(Middle Mississippian ): 346.70 to 330.90 million years ago

The Visean Stage was named in 1832 by Belgian geologist Andre Dumont after the city of Vise in Belgium’s Liege Provine.

North American Visean Stage (Middle Mississippian ): 346.70 to 330.90 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Asian Visean Stage (Middle Mississippian ): 346.70 to 330.90 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

European Visean Stage (Middle Mississippian ): 346.70 to 330.90 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Australian Visean Stage (Middle Mississippian ): 346.70 to 330.90 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Tournaisian Age/Stage

(Early Mississippian ): 358.90 to 346.70 million years ago

The Tournaisan Stage was named in 1832 by Belgian geologist Andre Hubert Dumont after the Belgian ity of Tournai.

North American Tournaisian Stage (Early Mississippian ): 358.90 to 346.70 million years ago

Genus: Rayonnoceras sp.
Classification: Order: Pseudorthocerida – Family: Carbactinoceratidae
Location: North America
Time: Mississippian to Pennsylvanian
Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

European Tournaisian Stage (Early Mississippian ): 358.90 to 346.70 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Orthacanthus Vertical spike“‬.
Classification: Order: Xenacanthida -‭ ‬Family: Orthacanthidae.
Locations: Europe and ‬North America.
Time period: Devonian (Emsian) to Triassic (Carnian).
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

Asian Tournaisian Stage (Early Mississippian ): 358.90 to 346.70 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore
Genus: Xenacanthus“‬Foreign spike”‬
Classification: ‬Order: Xenacanthida – Family: ‬Xenacanthidae
Locations: USA,‭ ‬Europe, and India
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic
Size: Up to 1‭ ‬meters long
Diet: Carnivore

Australian Tournaisian Stage (Early Mississippian ): 358.90 to 346.70 million years ago

Common name: Ammonite
Classification: Suborder: Ammonitida – Suborder: Ammonoidae
Locality:
Worldwide
Time range: Devonian to End Cretaceous
Genus: Helicoprion“‬Spiral saw“‬
Classification: ‬Order: Eugeneodontida – Family: ‬Agassizodontidae.
Locations: Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, USA.
Time period: Late Devonian to end Triassic.
Size: 7.5 to 3 meters long.
Diet: Carnivore

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