Prehistoric Models: Carnivora

(meat eaters)

Mammals are a class animals defined as warm-blooded vertebrates, distinguished by the possession of hair or fur, the secretion of milk by females for the nourishment of the young, and (typically) the birth of live young (with only two modern exceptions).

The Order Carnivora include placenal mammals that specialize in eating meat. Carnivora is divided into two suborders: Caniformia, including dogs,bears, seals, raccoons, and weasels. The other suborder: Feliformia, cats, saber toothed cats, meerkats, mongooses, and hyaenas. To see my fossil Carnivores click here.

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Feliformia – Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Pantherinae

(Big cats)

Late Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Panthera leo

Common name: African Lion

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Patherinae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Panthera tigris

Common name: Tiger

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Patherinae

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Asia

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Panthera tigris

Common name: White Bengal or Siberian Tiger

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Patherinae

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Asia

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Panthera onca

Common name: Jaguar

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Patherinae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Central and South America

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Panthera pardus

Common name: Leopard

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Patherinae

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Panthera uncia

Common name: Snow Leopard

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Patherinae

Time: Holocene

Range: Asia

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Feliformia – Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

(Cats)

Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Acinonyx jubatus

Common name: Cheetah

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Puma concolor

Common name: Cougar, Puma, Mountain Lion

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: The Americas

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Leopardus pardalis

Common name: Ocelot

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Holocene

Range: Central and South Americas

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Caracal caracal

Common name: Caracal

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Holocene

Range: Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Lynx rufus

Common name: Bobcat

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Holocene

Range: North America

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Lynx canadensis

Common name: Canadain lynx

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Holocene

Range: Canada and Alaska

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Felis catus

Common name: Domestic cat

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Felinae

Time: Holocene

Range: Global

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Feliformia – Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Machairodontinae – Tribe: Smilodontini

(Saber-toothed cats)

Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Smilodon populator

Common name: Saber-toothed cat

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Machairodontinae – Tribe: Smilodontini

Time: Early Pleistocene to Early Holocene

Range: The Americas

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Smilodon populator

Common name: Saber-toothed cat

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Machairodontinae – Tribe: Smilodontini

Time: Early Pleistocene to Early Holocene

Range: The Americas

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Smilodon populator

Common name: Saber-toothed cat

Classification: Family: Felidae – Subfamily: Machairodontinae – Tribe: Smilodontini

Time: Early Pleistocene to Early Holocene

Range: The Americas

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Feliformia – Family: Nimravidae – Subfamily: Hoplophoninae

(“False” Saber-toothed cats)

Middle Eocene to Late Miocene

 

 

Genus and species: Eusmilus bidentatus 

Common name: Saber-toothed cat

Classification: Family: Nimravidae – Subfamily: Hoplophoninae

Time: Late Eocene to Early Oligocene

Range: Europe

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Feliformia – Family: Hyaenidae

(Hyena)

Early Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Crocuta crocuta

Common name: Spotted hyena

Classification: Family: Hyaenidae

Time: Late Pliocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Crocuta crocuta

Common name: Spotted hyena

Classification: Family: Hyaenidae

Time: Late Pliocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Feliformia – Superfamily: Herpestoidea – Family: Herpestidae

(Mongoose)

Early Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Suricata suricata

Common name: Meerkats

Classification: Family: Herpestidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Cynictis penicillata

Common name: Yellow mongoose

Classification: Family: Herpestidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Southern Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Family: Canidae

(Dogs and Foxes)

Late Eocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus, species and subspecies: Canis lupus lupus

Common name: Wolf

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: North America, Europe and Asia

Diet: Carnivore

Genus, species and subspecies: Canis lupus irremotus

Common name: Timber Wolf or Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Holocene

Range: North America

Diet: Carnivore

Genus, species and snbspecies: Canis lupus arctos

Common name: Arctic Wolf

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Holocene

Range: North Polar Region

Diet: Carnivore

Genus, species and subspecies: Canis lupus 

Common name: Grey Wolf or Gray Wolf

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: North America, Europe and Asia

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Canus latrans

Common name: Australian Dingo

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: North America

Diet: Carnivore

Genus, species and subspecies: Canus lupus dingo

Common name: Australian Dingo

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Australian

Diet: Carnivore

Genus, species and snbspecies: Canis lupus familiaris

Common name: Domestic Dog

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Global

Diet: Carnivore

Genus, species and snbspecies: Canis lupus familiaris

Common name: Domestic Dog

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Global

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Lycaon pictus

Common name: African Wild Dog

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Africa

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Chrysocyon brachyurus

Common name: Maned Wolf

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Late Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: South America

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Vulpes vulpes

Common name: Red Fox

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Northern Hemisphere

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Vulpes lagopus

Common name: Arctic Fox

Classification: Family: Canidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Artic

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Infraorder: Arctoidea – Family: Ursidae

(Bears)

Late Eocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Ursus maritimus

Common name: Polar Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Artic Circle

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Ursus arctos

Common name: Grizzly Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Northwest North America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Ursus arctos

Common name: Grizzly Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Northwest North America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Ursus americanus

Common name: American Black Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Late Pliocene to Holocene

Range: North America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Ursus spelaeus

Common name: Cave Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Middle to Late Pleistocene

Range: Asia to Europe

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Ursus spelaeus

Common name: Cave Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Middle to Late Pleistocene

Range: Asia to Europe

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Melursus ursinus

Common name: Sloth Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae – Subfamily: Ursinae

Time: Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Indian subcontinent

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Helarctos malayanus

Common name: Sun Bear

Classification: Family: Ursidae – Subfamily: Ursinae

TIme: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Southeast Asia

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Ailuropoda melanoleuca

Common name: Giant Panada

Classification: Family: Ursidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: China

Diet: Herbivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Infraorder: Arctoidea – Clade: Pinnipedimorpha – Clade: Pinnipediformes – Clade: Pinnipedia

(Seals)

Late Oligocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Phoca vitulina

Common name: Harbor (common) Seal

Classification: Family: Phocidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Northern seas

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Zalophus californianus

Common name: Californian Sea Lion

Classification: Family: Otariidae

Time: Holocene

Range: North American west coast

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Arctocephalus pusillus

Common name: Fur Seal

Classification: Family: Otariidae  Subfamily: Arctocephalinae

Time: Holocene

Range: Southern Oceans

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Superfamily: Musteloidea – Family: Mustelidae

(Weasels)

Oligocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Gulo gulo

Common name: Wolverine

Classification: Family: Phocidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Upper Northern hemisphere

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Mustela furo

Common name: Domesticated Ferret

Classification: Family: Mustelidae

Time: Global

Range: Upper Northern hemisphere

Diet: Carnivore

Genus: Lutra

Common name: Otter

Classification: Family: Mustelidae – Subfamily: Lutrinae

Time: Middle Miocene to Holocene

Range: Eurasian

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Superfamily: Musteloidea – Family: Procyonidae

(Racoons, Coatis, and Ringails)

Middle Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Procyon lotor

Common name: Raccoon

Classification: Family: Procyonidae

Time: Pliocene to Holocene

Range: North America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus: Nasua and Nasuella

Common name: Coati

Classification: Family: Procyonidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Central and Northern South America

Diet: Omnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Superfamily: Musteloidea – Family: Ailuridae

(Red Pandas)

Oligocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus and species: Aliurus fulgens

Common name: Red Panada

Classification: Family: Ailuridae

Time: Pliocene to Holocene

Range: China

Diet: Omnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Carnivora – Suborder: Caniformia – Superfamily: Musteloidea – Family: Mephitidae

(Skunks)

Middle Miocene to Holocene

 

 

Genus: Mephitis mephitis

Common name: Striped Skunk

Classification: Family: Mephitidae

Time: Holocene

Range: North America

Diet: Omnivore

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