Prehistoric Models: Embrithopoda


Mammals are a class animals defined as warm-blooded vertebrates, distinguished by the possession of hair or fur, the secretion of milk by females for the nourishment of the young, and (typically) the birth of live young (with only two modern exceptions). 

Embrithopoda meaning “heavy footed” is an order of extinct mammals known from the late Paleocene to the early Oligocene epochs. Their distribution ranges from eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. Although they look like rhinocerses, their horns have a bony core covered in keratinized skin, unlike the hair like horns of modern rhinos. They are also more closely related to elephants.

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Embrithopoda – Family: Arsinoitheriidae


Eocene to Oligocene


Genus: Arsinoitherium “Arsinoe’s beast,‭ ‬after Queen Arsinoe I of Ancient Egypt‭”
Genus pronounced: Ar-sin-oy-fee-ree-um
Names by: H.G.C. Beadnell – 1902
Species: A. zitteli, A. andrewsi, A giganteus
Time: Late Eocene to Early Oligocene 36-27 mya
Locations: Egypt‭ ‬-‭ ‬Jebel Qatrani Formation,‭ ‬Ethiopia,‭ ‬Oman‭ ‬-‭ ‬Aydim Formation,‭ ‬Saudi Arabia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Shumaysi Formation.
Size: 1.75m (5.7ft) hieght and 3m (9.8ft) length
Diet: Herbivore

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