Prehistoric Models: Marsupialia

(pouched animals)

Mammals are a class animals defined as warm-blooded vertebrates, distinguished by the possession of hair or fur, the secretion of milk by females for the nourishment of the young, and (typically) the birth of live young (with only two modern exceptions).

Marsupials are commonly called “pouched mammals” due to their unique way of caring for young. Marsupials had a wider range in the fossil record, specifically in North America and Asia. Today they are found primarily in Australia, New Guinea, Tazmania, and the surounding small islands.

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Infraorder: Marsupialia – Order: Diprotodontia

(Large to medium herbivourous marsupial)

Late Oligocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Osphranter rufus

Common name: Red Kangaroo

Classification: Suborder: Macropodiformes – Family: Osphranter

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Australia

Diet: Herbivore (grazer)

Common name: Wallabies

Classification: Suborder: Macropodiformes – Family: Macropodidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Australia

Diet: Herbivore (grazer)

Genus and species: Vombatus ursinus

Common name: Common Wombat

Classification: Superfamily: Vombatoidea – Family: Vombatidae

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Australia and Tasmania

Diet: Herbivore

Genus and species: Vombatus ursinus

Common name: Common Wombat

Classification: Superfamily: Vombatoidea – Family: Vombatidae

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Australia and Tasmania

Diet: Herbivore

Genus and species: Phascolarctos cinereus

Common name: Female Koala and cub

Classification: Family: Phascolarctidae

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Eastern Australia

Diet: Herbivore (browser)

Genus and species: Phascolarctos cinereus

Common name: Male Koala

Classification: Family: Phascolarctidar

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Holocene

Range: Eastern Australia

Diet: Herbivore (browser)

Genus and species: Trichosurus vulpecula

Common name: Common brushtail possum

Classification: Family: Phalangeridae

Time: Holocene

Range: Tasmania

Diet: Omnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Infraorder: Marsupialia – Order: Dasyuromorphia

(Carnivourous marsupials)

Late Oligocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Thylacine cynocephalus

Common name: Tazmanian Tiger

Classification: Family: Thylacinidae

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene-1936

Range: Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Sarcophilus harrisii

Common name: Tazmanian Devil

Classification: Family: Dasyuridae

Time: Late Holocene

Range: Australia and Tasmania

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Mymecobius fasciatus

Common name: Numbat

Classification: Family: Myrmecobiidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Australia

Diet: Carnivore

Genus and species: Dasyuridae maculatus

Common name: Tiger quoll

Classification: Family: Dasyuridae

Time: Holocene

Range: Eastern Australia

Diet: Carnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Infraorder: Marsupialia – Clade: Agreodontia – Order: Peramelemorphia

(Bandicoots)

Late Oligocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Perameles gunnii

Common name: Common Rabbit Bandicoots

Classification: Family: Peramelidae

Time: Holocene

Range: Australia and Tazmania

Diet: Omnivore

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