Prehistoric Models: Primates

(primates)

Mammals are a class animals defined as warm-blooded vertebrates, distinguished by the possession of hair or fur, the secretion of milk by females for the nourishment of the young, and (typically) the birth of live young (with only two modern exceptions).

The Order Primate meaning primus or prime-first rank. The earliest primates between 85 to 55 million years ago. The clade includes lemurs, lorisids, tarsiers, old world monkeys, new world monkey, apes. Except for apes, most primates have tails and almost all have opposable thumbs. To see my fossil primates click here.

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Primates – Suborder: Strepsirrhini – Infraorder: Lemuriformes – Superfamily: Lemuroidea

(Lemurs)

Pleistocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Propithecus candidus

Common name: Silky Sifaka

Classification: Superfamily: Lemuroidea – Family: Indriidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Northeastern Madagascar

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Lemur catta

Common name: Ring-tailed lemur

Classification: Superfamily: Lemuroidea – Family: Lemuridae

Time: Holocene

Location: Southwestern Madagascar

Diet: Omnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Primates – Suborder: Haplorhini – Clade: Omomiformes – Family: Tarsiidae

(Tarsier)

Middle Eocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Tarsius sp.

Common name: Tarsier

Classification: Suborder: Haplorhini – Clade: Omomyiformes – Family: Tarsiidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Southeast Asia

Diet: Omnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Primates – Suborder: Haplorhini – Infraorder: Simiformes – Parvorder: Platyrrhini

(New World Monkeys)

Early Oligocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Macaca silenus

Common name: Spider monkey

Classification: Family: Atelidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Central and South America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Saimiri sciureus

Common name: Common squirrel monkey

Classification: Family: Cebidae

Time: Miocene (Laventan) to Holocene

Location: Northern South America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Saimiri vanzolinii

Common name: Black squirrel monkey

Classification: Family: Cebidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Small endangered population in northern Brazil 

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Leontopithecus rosalia

Common name: Golden lion tamarin

Classification: Family: Callitrichidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Atlantic coastal forest, Brazil 

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Lagothrix lagothricha

Common name: Common woolly monkey

Classification: Family: Atelidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Northwestern Central South America

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and species: Cebus cuscinus

Common name: Shock-headed capuchin

Classification: Family: Cebidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Upper Amazon Basin, montane forests of western Andes Mountains

Diet: Omnivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Primates – Suborder: Haplorhini – Infraorder: Simiformes – Parvorder: Catarrhini

(Old World Anthropoids or Catarrhine Monkeys)

Late Eocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Macaca silenus

Common name: Lion-tailed macaque

Classification: Family: Cercopithecidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Southwestern India

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and speices: Papio anubis

Common name: Olive baboon

Classification: Family: Cercopithecidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Central Africa

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and speices: Mandrillus sphinx

Common name: Mandrill

Classification: Family: Cercopithecidae

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Location: Westcentral Africa

Diet: Omnivore

Genus and speices: Cercopithecus ascanius

Common name: Red-tailed monkey

Classification: Family: Cercopithecidae

Time: Holocene

Location: Central Africa

Diet: Ominvores

Genus and speices: Nasalis larvatus

Common name: Proboscis monkey

Classification: Family: Cercopithecidae, Subfamily: Colobinae

Time: Holocene

Location: Malaysia

Diet: Herbivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Primates – Suborder: Haplorhini – Infraorder: Simiformes – Parvorder: Ctarrhini – Superfamily: Hominoidea – Family: Hylobatidae

(Gibbons)

Late Miocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Nomascus gabriellae

Common name: Yellow-cheeked gibbon

Classification: Family: Hylobatidae

Time: Holocene

Location: South East Asia

Diet: Herbivore

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Mammalia – Order: Primates – Suborder: Haplorhini – Infraorder: Simiformes – Parvorder: Catarrhini – Superfamily: Hominidea – Family: Hominidae

(Apes)

Miocene to Holocene

 

Genus and species: Pongo pygmaeus

Common name: Orangutans

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Ponginae 

Time: Early Pleistocene to Holocene

Location: Southeast Asia and South China

Diet: Herbivore

Genus and species: Gorilla gorilla

Common name: Gorilla

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Gorillini

Time: Pleistocene to Holocene

Location: Central Africa

Diet: Herbivore

Genus and species: Pan troglodytes

Common name: Chimpanzees

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Hominini – Subtribe: Panina

Time: Middle Pliocene to Holocene

Location: Central Africa

Diet: Omniovore

Genus and species: Dryopithecus fontani

Common name: None

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Dryopithecini

Time: Middle Miocene (Serravallian) to Late Miocene (Tortonian)

Location: Africa

Diet: Omniovore

Genus and species: Australopithecus africanus

Common name: Lucy

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Hominini

Time: Middle Pliocene

Location: Africa

Diet: Omniovore

Genus and species: Homo habilis

Common name: “Handy man”

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Hominini

Time: Early Pleistocene

Location: East and South Africa

Diet: Omniovore

Genus and species: Homo erectus

Name meaning : “upright man”

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Hominini

Time: Early Pleistocene to Late Pleistocene

Location: Africa to Asia

Diet: Omniovore

Genus and species: Homo neanderthalensis

Name meaning : Neanderthal

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Hominini

Time: Middle Pleistocene to Late Pleistocene

Location: Europe, western Middle East, and Southwest Asia

Diet: Omniovore

Genus and species: Homo sapiens

Name meaning : Humans, Mankind, You

Classification: Family: Hominidae – Subfamily: Homininae – Tribe: Hominini

Time: Late Pleistocene to Holocene

Location: Global

Diet: Omniovore

The video below is from my YouTube Jurassic James 65:

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