Prehistoric Models: Pterosauria

Although Pterosaurs meaning “winged lizards” are the closely related contemporaries of dinosaurs, they are not actually classified as dinosaurs. They are commonly called “flying reptiles

The earliest Pterosaurs appear in the fossil record in the fossil record during the late Triasic some 225 million years ago and are extinct by the late Cretaceous some 66 million years ago. to see my fossil Pterosaurs click here.

Early Pterosaurs

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Class: Reptilia – Order: Pterosauria

 

Name: Dimorphodon “two form tooth”

Name pronounciation: Di-more-fo-don

Known Species: D. macronyx (type), D. weintraubi

Named by: Richard Owen -1859

Classification: Family: Dimorphodontidae – Subfamily: Dimorphodontinae

Time: Jurassic (Hattengian to Sinemurian)

Locality: England, Dorset – Jurassic Coast

Size: 1.4 m wingspan, 1 m long including tail

Diet: Insectivore

 

Name: Dimorphodon “two form tooth”

Name pronounciation: Di-more-fo-don

Known Species: D. macronyx (type), D. weintraubi

Named by: Richard Owen -1859

Classification: Family: Dimorphodontidae – Subfamily: Dimorphodontinae

Time: Jurassic (Hattengian to Sinemurian)

Locality: England, Dorset – Jurassic Coast

Size: 1.4 m wingspan, 1 m long including tail

Diet: Insectivore

 

Name: Rhamphorhynchus “beak snout”

Name pronounciation: Ram-foe-rink-us

Known Species: R. longicaudus (type), R. etchesi, R. muensteri

Named by: Christian Erich Hermann von Meyer -1846

CLassification: Family: Rhamphorhynchidae – Subfamily: Rhamphorhynchinae – Subfamily: Rhamphorhynchinae

Time: Jurassic (Oxfordian to Kimmeridgian)

Locality: Germany, Portugal, Tanzania

Size: 1.81 m wingspan, 1.26 m long including tail

Diet: Insectivore/Piscivore

 

PTERODACTYLOMORPHA

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Class: Reptilia – Order: Pterosauria – Suborder: Pterodactyloidea

 

Name: Pterodactylus “wing finger”

Name pronounciation: Teh-roe-dack-till-us

Known Species: P. antiquus (type), possibly P. longicollum

Named by: Georges Cuvier -1809

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea

Time: Jurassic (Early Tithonian)

Locality: Africa, Europe

Size: Up to 1.5 m wingspan

Diet: Insectivore/Piscivore

 

Name: Anhanguera “Old devil”

Name pronounciation: Ahn-han-gair-ah

Known Species: A. blittersdorffi (type), A. piscator

Named by: Kellner and Campos – 1985

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Anhanguera

Time: Cretaceous (Aptian)

Locality: Brazil – Santana Formation, Australia, Russia, United Kingdom – Cambridge Greensand

Size: 4.5 m wingspan

Diet: Piscivore,

 

Name: Pterosaur “winged reptile” (No official bionomial species name)

Name pronounciation: Te-ran-o-sore

Known Species: (not given)

Named by: Paul Sereno

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: …

Time: Cretaceous (Albian)

Locality: Southern Sahara

Size: 3 m wingspan

Diet: Carnivore

 

Name: Dsungaripterus “Juuggar basin wing”

Name pronounciation: Sung-ah-rip-teh-rus (the D is silent and not prounced)

Known Species: D. weii (type)

Named by: Young – 1964

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Dsungaripteridae

Time: Cretaceous (Aptian to Albian)

Locality: China – Juuggar Basin

Size: 3 to 3.5 m wingspan

Diet: Shellfish

 

Name: Dsungaripterus “Juuggar basin wing”

Name pronounciation: Sung-ah-rip-teh-rus (the D is silent and not prounced)

Known Species: D. weii (type)

Named by: Young – 1964

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Dsungaripteridae

Time: Cretaceous (Aptian to Albian)

Locality: China – Juuggar Basin

Size: 3 to 3.5 m wingspan

Diet: Shellfish

 

Name: Tupuxuara “Familiar spirit”

Name pronounciation: Too-p00-hwar-ra

Known Species: T. longicristanus (type), T. leonradii, T. deliradamus

Named by: Kellner and Campos – 1998

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Thalassodromidae

Time: Cretaceous (Albian)

Locality: Brazil – Santana Formation

Size: 5.5 m wingspan

Diet: Piscivore

 

Name: Tropeognathus “Keel jaw”

Name pronounciation: Trop-e-o-nay-fuss

Known Species: T. mesembrinus (type), T. robustus?

Named by: Peter Wellnhofer – 1987

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Ornithocheiridae

Time: Cretaceous (Alptian/Albian)

Locality: Brazil – Santana Formation

Size: 8 m wingspan

Diet: Piscivore

 

Name: Tropeognathus “Keel jaw”

Name pronounciation: Trop-e-o-nay-fuss

Known Species: T. mesembrinus (type), T. robustus?

Named by: Peter Wellnhofer – 1987

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Ornithocheiridae

Time: Cretaceous (Alptian/Albian)

Locality: Brazil – Santana Formation

Size: 8 m wingspan

Diet: Piscivore

 

Name: Ornithocheirus “Bird hand”

Name pronounciation: Or-nith-oh-kye-rus

Known Species: O. simus (type), O. mesembrinus

Named by: Harry Govier Seeley – 1869

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Ornithocheiridae

Time: Cretaceous (Albian)

Locality: England – Cambridge Greensand, Brazil – Santana Formation

Size: 5 m wingspan

Diet: Piscivore

 

Name: Pteranodon “toothless wing”

Name pronounciation: Teh-ran-oh-don

Known Species: P. longiceps (type), P. stembergi

Named by: Othniel Charles March -1876

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Pteranodontidae

Time: Cretaceous (Coniacian to Campanian)

Locality: United States – Niobrara Formation, Pierre Shale Formation

Size: Males: 5.6 m wingspan, Females: 3.5 m

Diet: Piscivore

 

Name: Pteranodon “toothless wing”

Name pronounciation: Teh-ran-oh-don

Known Species: P. longiceps (type), P. stembergi

Named by: Othniel Charles March -1876

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Pteranodontidae

Time: Cretaceous (Coniacian to Campanian)

Locality: United States – Niobrara Formation, Pierre Shale Formation

Size: Males: 5.6 m wingspan, Females: 3.5 m

Diet: Piscivore

 

Name: Tapejara “Ancient Entity”

Name pronounciation: Top-ay-har-ah

Known Species: T. wellnhoferi (type)

Named by: Kellner – 1989

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Tapejaridae

Time: Cretaceous (Albian)

Locality: Brazil – Santana Formation

Size: 3.5 m wingspan

Diet: Piscivore, possible Fugivore

 

Name: Quetzalcoatlus “from Quetzalcoatl”

Name pronounciation: Kwet-zal-co-at-las

Known Species: Q. northropi (type)

Named by: Douglas A. Lawson -1975

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family Azhdarchidae

Time: Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Locality: United States, Texas, Javelina Formation, Big Bend National Park

Size: Males: 11 m wingspan

Diet: Carnivore

 

Name: Quetzalcoatlus “from Quetzalcoatl”

Name pronounciation: Kwet-zal-co-at-las

Known Species: Q. northropi (type)

Named by: Douglas A. Lawson -1975

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family Azhdarchidae

Time: Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Locality: United States, Texas, Javelina Formation, Big Bend National Park

Size: Males: 11 m wingspan

Diet: Carnivore

 

Name: Quetzalcoatlus “from Quetzalcoatl”

Name pronounciation: Kwet-zal-co-at-las

Known Species: Q. northropi (type)

Named by: Douglas A. Lawson -1975

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family Azhdarchidae

Time: Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Locality: United States, Texas, Javelina Formation, Big Bend National Park

Size: Males: 11 m wingspan

Diet: Carnivore

 

Name: Pterodaustro “Southern wing”

Name pronounciation: Teh-roe-daws-trow

Known Species: T. guinazui (type)

Named by: Jose Bonaparte – 1969

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Ctenochasmatinae

Time: Cretaceous (Albian)

Locality: Argentina, San Luis Province – Lagarcito Formation, Chile – Santa Ana Formation

Size: 2.5 m wingspan

Diet: Filter feeder

 

Name: Pterodaustro “Southern wing”

Name pronounciation: Teh-roe-daws-trow

Known Species: T. guinazui (type)

Named by: Jose Bonaparte – 1969

Classification: Suborder: Pterodactyloidea – Family: Ctenochasmatinae

Time: Cretaceous (Albian)

Locality: Argentina, San Luis Province – Lagarcito Formation, Chile – Santa Ana Formation

Size: 2.5 m wingspan

Diet: Filter feeder

 

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