Prehistoric Models: Turtles

Turtles and tortoises are a unique group of reptiles known for their hard bony shells that are attached to their backbones. The earlies known turtles appear in the fossil record during the late Triassic along with the first true dinosaurs. To see my turtle fossils click here.

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Reptilia – Clade: Sauropsida – Clade: Parareptilia – Order: Testudines – Suborder: Cryptodira – Clade: Americhelydia – Clade: Panchelonioidea – Superfamily: Chelonioidea

(sea turtles)

Early Cretaceous to Holocene

 

Name: Archelon ‭”Ruling turtle‭”

Phonetic: Are-kell-on

Named By: G.R.‭ ‬Wieland‭ ‬-‭ ‬1895

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – ‬Family: Protostegidae

Species: A.‭ ‬ischyros‭ (‬type‭)‬

Diet: Sea jellies and cephalopods

Known locations: South Dakota and Wyoming

Time period: Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Size: 4‭ ‬meter long,‭ ‬4.9‭ ‬meters wide

Name and species: Dermochelys coriacea

Common name: “Leatherback sea turtle”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Chelonioidea – ‬Family: Dermochelyidae – Subfamily: Dermochelyinae

Diet: Sea jellies and cephalopods

Known locations: Global

Time period: Holocene

Name and species: Chelonia mydas

Common name: “Green sea turtle”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Chelonioidea – ‬Family: Cheloniinae – Subfamily: Cheloniinae

Diet: Juveniles are carnivores, adults are omnivores

Known locations: Global non artic

Time period: Holocene

Name and species: Chelonia mydas

Common name: “Green sea turtle”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Chelonioidea – ‬Family: Cheloniinae – Subfamily: Cheloniinae

Diet: Juveniles are carnivores, adults are omnivores

Known locations: Global non artic

Time period: Holocene

Name and species: Caretta caretta

Common name: “Loggerhead sea turtle”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Chelonioidea – ‬Family: Cheloniinae – Subfamily: Carettinae

Diet: Adults are omnivores

Known locations: Global non artic

Time period: Eocene to Holocene

Name and species: Caretta caretta

Common name: “Loggerhead sea turtle”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Chelonioidea – ‬Family: Cheloniinae – Subfamily: Carettinae

Diet: Adults are omnivores

Known locations: Global non artic

Time period: Eocene to Holocene

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Reptilia – Clade: Sauropsida – Clade: Parareptilia – Order: Testudines – Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Testudinoidea – Family: Testudinidae

(tortoises)

Eocene to Holocene

 

Name and species: Chelonoidis niger

Common name: “Galapagos tortoise”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Testudinoidea – ‬Family: Testudinidae

Diet: Herbivores

Known locations: Galapagos Islands

Time period: Holocene

Name and species: Testudo sp.

Common name: “Tortoises”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Testudinoidea – ‬Family: Testudinidae

Diet: Herbivores

Known locations: Temporate zones

Time period: Holocene

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Reptilia – Clade: Sauropsida – Clade: Parareptilia – Order: Testudines – Suborder: Cryptodira – Clade: Americhelydia – Superfamily: Chelydridae

(snapping turtles)

Late Cretaceous to Holocene

 

Name and species: Macrochelys sp.

Common name: “Alligator snapping turtle”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira Family: Chelydridae

Diet: Carnivore

Known locations: Southeastern United States

Time period: Miocene to Holocene

Name and species: Chelydra serpentina

Common name: “Common snapping turtles”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Family: Chelydridae

Diet: Carnivore

Known locations: Eastern and non coastal central North America

Time period: Holocene

Kingdom: Animalia – Phylum: Chordata – Superclass: Tetrapoda – Class: Reptilia – Clade: Sauropsida – Clade: Parareptilia – Order: Testudines – Suborder: Cryptodira – Superfamily: Testudinoidea – Family: Emydid

(terrapins, pond turtles, or marsh turtles)

Late Cretaceous to Holocene

 

Name and species: Graptemys sp.

Common name: “Sawback turtles or Map turtles”

Classification: Order: Testudines -‭ Suborder: Cryptodira – Family: Emydidae – Subfamily: Deirochelyinae

Diet: Carnivore

Known locations: Eastern North America and Gulf Coast

Time period: Pleistocene to Holocene

<< Back to Amphibians Models 

Specimen Gallery Homepage

Toys and Models Homepage

Next to Parareptilia Models >>